FAMILY THERAPEUTIC SERVICES
AND ASSESSMENTS, INC.
INFORMATION AND STATISTICS
WHAT IS POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER?
If you have experienced severe trauma or a life-threatening event — During the trauma or life-threatening event you feel as if your life
or the lives of others were in danger or that you had no control over what was happening.
Not everyone that experiences trauma exhibits signs/symptoms.
However, there are factors that increase the likelihood of developing the disorder:
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Intensity of the trauma can vary for each individual:
Being physically close to the traumatic event (witnessing violence)
Feeling of being out of control (helpless/hopeless)
Lack of support after the trauma occurred
Reoccurring traumatic events
Common symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder:
Recurring intrusive memories or nightmares of the event
Feelings of numbness
Loss of interest in normal activities
Irritability/Hyper-vigilance (being constantly on guard)
SIGNS THAT AN INDIVIDUAL HAS BEEN PHYSICALLY/SEXUALLY ABUSED
1. Bruises, Marks, Broken Bones
2. Substance Abuse
3. Nightmares and Anxiety
4. Withdrawal from friends or family
5. Behavioral problems
6. Feeling dirty or damaged
7. Refusal to engage in normal activities
9. Unusual aggressiveness
10. Suicidal ideation/attempts (Barnett, Millar-Perrin, & Perrin, 2005)
MYTHS AND FACTS
MYTH #1: It's only abuse if it's violent.
Fact: Physical abuse is just one type of child abuse. Neglect and emotional abuse can be just as damaging, and since they are more subtle, others are less likely to intervene.
Types of Abuse
PHYSICAL - involves physical harm or injury to the child.
EMOTIONAL - Constant belittling, shaming, and humiliating a child.
NEGLECT - is a pattern of failing to provide for a child's basic needs, whether it be adequate food, clothing, hygiene, or supervision.
SEXUAL - exposing a child to sexual situations, material, or the initiation of sexual activity. (Barkdoll and Musco, 2007)
REPORT CHILD ABUSE
Barkdoll, B. E. & Musco, A. J.,(2013).Palm Beach county sheriff's office law enforcement. (14th ed).Tallahassee, FL: Municipal Code Corporation.
Barnett, O., Miller-Perrin C. L., Perrin R. D., (2005) Family violence across the lifespan (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage Publications, Inc.
Rennison, C., "Rape and Sexual Assault: Reporting to Police and Medical Attention," Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2006.